Tabriz is the fifth most populated city in Iran, one of the historical capitals of Iran and the present capital of East Azerbaijan Province.
It is situated in the valley of Quru River and its elevation from sea level is about 1,350 meters. Tabriz is located in a valley to the north of the long ridge of the volcanic cone of Sahand, south of the Eynali mountain. The valley opens out into a plain that slopes gently down to the north eastern end of Lake Urmia, 60 kilometres (37 miles) to the west. With cold winters and temperate summers the city is considered a summer resort.
The estimated population of the city is around 1,600,000 based on results of the Iranian census bureau. Tabriz is the fifth most populous city in Iran after Tehran, Mashhad, Isfahan, and Karaj. Tabriz is a major hub for heavy industries including automobile, machine tools, oil and petrochemical and cement production.
Tabriz is famous and named as City of Firsts, City without beggars, City of underpasses and overpasses, The safest City of Iran, Iran's healthiest City, Cradle of Iran investment, The second industrial city of Iran, Iran's automotive hub, Parts manufacturing hub for Iran, Diesel engine production hub in the Middle East, Chocolate City of Iran, second university city of Iran, Second City of Tower Construction of Iran, The second pole of Medical Sciences of Iran, the second largest city in attracting health tourists in Iran, and one of the most important host cities in Iran.
With a rich history, Tabriz contains many historical monuments, but repeated devastating earthquakes and several invasions during frequent wars have substantially damaged many of them. Many monuments in the city date back to the Ilkhanid, Safavid, and Qajar periods, among them is the large Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex which is inscribed as a World Heritage Site in 2010. The oldest signs of the civilization in the city is an excavation site and museum in the city center with a history that dates back 2500 years.